What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a common condition that can affect adults & children. It occurs when the body
cannot produce enough insulin or stops producing insulin completely. Insulin helps control
the level of glucose (sugar) in the blood.
There are 2 types of diabetes – Type 1 and Type 2. Symptoms of diabetes include
increased thirst, passing urine more often – especially at night, tiredness, weight loss, thrush
and blurred vision. Some people may not experience any symptoms.
What is the difference between Type 1 & Type 2 Diabetes?
Type 1 Diabetes:
In Type 1 Diabetes, the body stops producing insulin. Type 1 Diabetes usually develops in
children and young adults, although it can occur at any age.
The management of Type 1 Diabetes requires treatment with insulin, combined with healthy
eating and exercise.
Type 2 Diabetes:
In Type 2 Diabetes, the body still produces insulin, but not enough for the body’s needs and
the insulin it does produce is not used effectively (this is known as insulin resistance).
Over three quarters of people with diabetes have Type 2 Diabetes. There is a strong link
between this type of diabetes and being overweight.
A simple blood test will indicate if you are at risk of developing diabetes and will also help
confirm a diagnosis.
Should you have any concerns please make an appointment to see our practice nurse who
will assess your individual case and follow up with an appointment in our diabetic clinic if
Taking control of your Diabetes
If you discover that you have diabetes, you may be worried about what the future will hold
and what changes you have to make to your life. Our team are here to give you the advice
and support that you need.
You play a very important role in the management and control of your diabetes. Weight loss,
changes to your diet, regular physical activity, and medication if required, will all help control
the glucose level in your blood and keep it as near normal as possible.
Poorly controlled diabetes can, over time, cause damage to your eyes, nerves, kidneys,
blood vessels and heart. To reduce the risk of damage here are some of the steps you can
Diet: Eat a healthy balanced diet
Weight: It is important to keep your weight at the right level for your height.
Smoking: You need to stop smoking
Foot care: Take care of your feet and check them daily.
Physical activity: Regular activity promotes food health. it helps to lower your blood glucose, lose weight and reduce blood pressure.
Monitoring: You will play an important role in monitoring your blood glucose levels.
Education: Learn as much as possible about your condition as this will help you to manage it.
It is important that you take these measures to manage your diabetes.